Oral Treprostinil in Subjects With Pulmonary Hypertension Associated With Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction
This was a multicenter, randomized (1:1; oral treprostinil to placebo), double-blind, placebo-controlled study in subjects with World Health Organization (WHO) Group 2 pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Once randomized, subjects took the initial dose of study drug at the study site on the day of randomization. Subjects returned to the study site for visits scheduled at Weeks 6, 12, 18, and 24. The duration of study participation was approximately 28 weeks from Screening until study completion (includes a 30-day Screening Phase and 24-week Treatment Phase). The study was discontinued by the Sponsor on 14 October 2019 due to slow enrollment. As only a small portion of the anticipated total subjects had been enrolled, with many terminating early due to the study termination, there was a limited ability to explore the effect of oral treprostinil in this indication in this study.
- Pulmonary Hypertension
- Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction
- Eligible Ages
- Between 18 Years and 85 Years
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- The subject voluntarily gave informed consent to participate in the study. 2. The subject was 18 to 85 years of age (inclusive) at Screening (ie, date of providing written informed consent). 3. A subject could qualify if they had undergone a right heart catheterization (RHC) within 180 days of Baseline. 4. The subject had a diagnosis of heart failure with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥45% by ECHO completed during Screening (prior to randomization). 5. The subject's baseline 6MWD was at least 150 meters. 6. The subject had pulmonary function tests conducted within 6 months of Screening or during the Screening Phase. 7. Subjects on a chronic medication for heart failure were on a stable dose for ≥30 days prior to randomization. 8. In the opinion of the Investigator, the subject was able to communicate effectively with study personnel, and was considered reliable, willing, and likely to be cooperative with protocol requirements, including attending all study visits. 9. Women of childbearing potential, including any female who had experienced menarche and who had not undergone successful surgical sterilization or was not postmenopausal, must have practiced true abstinence from intercourse when it was in line with their preferred and usual lifestyle, or have used 2 different forms of highly effective contraception for the duration of the study, and for at least 30 days after discontinuing study drug. Male subjects with a partner of childbearing potential must have used a condom during the length of the study, and for at least 48 hours after discontinuing study drug. 10. Subjects on chronic medications (eg, inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta2 adrenergic agonist, long acting muscarinic antagonists, combination inhaled drugs, anti-inflammatory drugs, oral/parenteral corticosteroids, or biologic agents) for any underlying respiratory condition were on a stable dose for ≥30 days prior to randomization.
- The subject was pregnant or lactating. 2. In the opinion of the Principal Investigator, the subject had a primary diagnosis of PH other than WHO Group 2 PH. 3. The subject had shown intolerance or significant lack of efficacy to a prostacyclin or prostacyclin analogue that resulted in discontinuation of therapy or inability to effectively titrate that therapy. 4. The subject had received any approved pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) therapies within 30 days of randomization. Chronic use of an approved phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE5-I) was allowed as long as the subject has been on a stable dose for at least 90 days prior to randomization and had a RHC confirming the parameters necessary for inclusion in the study after being on a stable PDE5-I dose for at least 30 days. 5. The subject had been hospitalized for a cardiopulmonary indication within 30 days of randomization. 6. The subject had a myocardial infarction within 90 days of randomization. 7. The subject had cardiac resynchronization therapy within 90 days of randomization or anticipated resynchronization therapy during the study treatment period. 8. The subject had liver function tests greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal at Screening, clinically significant liver disease/dysfunction, known Child-Pugh Class C hepatic disease, or noncirrhotic portal hypertension. 9. The subject had uncontrolled systemic hypertension, systolic blood pressure <100 mmHg, or a resting heart rate >100 beats per minute at Baseline. 10. The subject had known genetic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, sarcoidosis, or cardiac amyloidosis. 11. The subject had a known history of any LVEF less than 40% by ECHO within 3 years of randomization. Note: a transient decline in LVEF below 40% that occurred and recovered more than 6 months before the start of Screening and was associated with an acute intercurrent condition (eg, atrial fibrillation) was allowed. 12. The subject had hemodynamically significant valvular heart disease as determined by the Investigator, including: greater than mild aortic and/or mitral stenosis or severe mitral and/or aortic regurgitation (>Grade 3) 13. The subject had a Body Mass Index >45 kg/m^2. 14. The subject had any musculoskeletal disorder, or had any other condition that limited ambulation. 15. The subject had end-stage renal disease requiring/receiving dialysis. 16. The subject participated in an investigational drug or device study within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
- Phase 3
- Study Type
- Intervention Model
- Parallel Assignment
- Primary Purpose
- Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
|Sustained-release oral tablets for TID administration||
|Placebo (sugar pill) for TID oral administration||
- United Therapeutics
Study TDE-HF-301 was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study designed to investigate the effect of oral treprostinil compared with placebo on exercise capacity in subjects with WHO Group 2 PH associated with HFpEF. Once randomized, subjects were dispensed study drug and took an initial dose (0.125 mg) at the study site on the day of randomization. Dosing of study drug continued at 0.125 mg 3 times daily (TID; every 6 to 8 hours) with food. Dose increases could occur in 0.125-mg increments every 72 hours at the discretion of the Investigator up to a maximum allowable dose of 6 mg TID. Subjects received oral treprostinil as 0.125, 0.25, 1.0, or 2.5 mg sustained-release osmotic tablets (maximum dose 6 mg TID) or matching placebo. Doses of study drug were to be increased in the absence of dose-limiting drug-related adverse events (AEs) to ensure that each subject received the optimal dose throughout the study. Subjects returned for visits at Weeks 6, 12, 18, and 24. Subjects who terminated study drug early were asked to complete all remaining study visits. The study had an adaptive design where the maximum allowable dose was 2 mg until the Data Monitoring Committee had confirmed a satisfactory safety profile. After this confirmation, the maximum allowable dose was increased to 4 mg TID. This occurred after 45 subjects had been enrolled. A subsequent Data Monitoring Committee meeting, which occurred after 75 subjects had been enrolled, increased the maximum allowable dose to 6 mg TID. Efficacy assessments consisted of 6-Minute Walk Distance (6MWD), blood collection for N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels, clinical worsening, WHO Functional Class (FC), Borg dyspnea score, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ). Safety assessments consisted of AEs, physical examinations, vital signs, 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs), echocardiograms (ECHOs), heart failure signs and symptoms, pregnancy testing, clinical laboratory tests, hospitalizations due to cardiopulmonary indication, and worsening heart failure as demonstrated by outpatient administration of intravenous (IV) diuretics. Subjects could have optionally provided samples for the evaluation of biomarkers and pharmacogenomics. Subjects that completed the 24-week treatment period on study drug were permitted to enter the open-label extension study (Study TDE-HF-302). The study was discontinued by the Sponsor on 14 October 2019 due to slow enrollment. As only a small portion of the anticipated total subjects had been enrolled, with many terminating early due to the study termination, there was a limited ability to explore the effect of oral treprostinil in this indication in this study.