Phase 2 Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability Study of Natalizumab in Focal Epilepsy

Purpose

The primary efficacy objective of the study is to determine if adjunctive therapy of natalizumab 300 mg intravenous (IV) every 4 weeks reduces the frequency of seizures in adult participants with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. The secondary efficacy objective is to assess the effects of natalizumab versus placebo in drug-resistant focal epilepsy on additional measures of seizure frequency.

Condition

  • Epilepsy, Focal Seizures, Partial Seizures

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 75 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Must have focal epilepsy diagnosed on clinical grounds and as applicable supported by electroencephalogram findings [Scheffer 2017] and brain imaging. Participants with multifocal epilepsy may be included if all other entry criteria are met.
  • Must have a drug-resistant epilepsy defined as failure of adequate trials of 2 (or more) tolerated and appropriately chosen and used AEDs (whether as monotherapies or in combination) [Kwan 2010].
  • Experiences 6 or more seizures during the 6-week prospective baseline period and is not seizure free for more than 21 consecutive days during the prospective baseline period

Exclusion Criteria

  • Focal aware seizures without motor signs are the only seizure type.
  • Diagnosis of generalized, combined generalized and focal, or unknown epilepsy
  • Known progressive structural CNS lesion.
  • History of seizures occurring in predominantly clustered patterns, as determined by the Investigator, over the 12 months prior to the Screening Visit (Week -6) or during the 6-week prospective baseline period, where individual seizures cannot be counted.
  • History of status epilepticus within the previous 6 months.
  • Known history or presence of non-epileptic seizures.

NOTE; Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may apply

Study Design

Phase
Phase 2
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description
This is a 6-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to assess the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of natalizumab as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of adult subjects with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. The placebo-controlled phase is followed by a 6-month open-label phase during which all subjects receive natalizumab.
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description
Double-blind

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Natalizumab 300 mg
Participants will undergo a prospective baseline period of 6 weeks (Weeks -6 to 0) followed by placebo controlled phase to receive natalizumab 300 mg intravenous (IV) infusion every 4 weeks from Week 0 to Week 24. Participants will continue to receive natalizumab 300 mg IV infusion every 4 weeks for up to an additional 24 weeks in open label phase.
  • Drug: Natalizumab
    As specified in the treatment arm.
    Other names:
    • Tysabri
Placebo Comparator
Placebo
Participants will undergo a prospective baseline period of 6 weeks (Weeks -6 to 0) followed by placebo controlled phase to receive natalizumab matching placebo intravenous (IV) infusion every 4 weeks from Week 0 to Week 24. Participants will then receive natalizumab 300 mg IV infusion every 4 weeks for 24 weeks in open label phase.
  • Other: Placebo
    As specified in treatment arms.

Recruiting Locations

More Details

NCT ID
NCT03283371
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Biogen

Study Contact

US Biogen Clinical Trial Center
866-633-4636
clinicaltrials@biogen.com