The OPTIMUM registry is a minimal risk observational study that uses a prospective cohort design to follow patients who have multivessel or left main coronary artery disease ("surgical anatomy" according to ACC/AHA Appropriateness Criteria for PCI12) and are deemed ineligible for coronary artery bypass surgery. It is anticipated that 20 sites will be selected to participate in the registry from a national network of leading centers across the United States with recognized expertise in both complex PCI and coronary artery bypass surgery. We will invite leading cardiac centers, as defined by US News and World reports rankings for heart care. Additional sites may be added to meet the target enrollment goal.



Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  • Participant Selection Inclusion Criteria
  • Participant undergoes coronary angiography revealing unprotected left main stenosis of > 50%, 3 vessel disease with stenoses > 70% or 2 vessel coronary disease (>70%) with one lesion involving the proximal LAD. Patients will also be included if there is FFR evidence of flow limiting stenosis (FFR ≤ 0.80) in the setting of > 40% angiographic stenosis the left main, 3 epicardial coronaries or 2 vessels including the proximal LAD. Patients with prior bypass surgery will be included if they have ≥ 2 epicardial vascular distributions subtended by a severe native coronary stenosis with either no bypass graft supplying the vessel, a severely diseased (>70% stenosis) bypass graft supplying the affected vessel or an occluded bypass graft to the affected vessel.
  • Patient considered high risk for coronary artery bypass surgery and declared ineligible for surgery by the heart team.
  • Patient is experiencing clinical symptoms consistent with obstructive coronary artery disease or with evidence of coronary ischemia on non-invasive/invasive (FFR) functional testing.
  • Subject is ≥ 18 years of age at the time of consent and is willing to sign an informed consent document approved by the enrolling hospital's Institutional Review Board and follow-up for 12-months following enrollment in the study
  • Patient is able to speak English.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Exclusion Criteria
  • Established iodine allergy that cannot be managed medically, allergy to everolimus, or absolute contraindication to aspirin, P2Y12 antagonist therapy with either clopidogrel, prasgurel, ticagrelor or ticlopidine or absolute contraindication to bivalirudin and heparin precluding procedural anticoagulation.
  • Emergent revascularization required for ST-elevation myocardial infarction or cardiac arrest, or severe sustained hemodynamic instability.
  • Patients presenting late after STEMI (> 12 hours after symptom onset) for "salvage" PCI.
  • Too hard of hearing to do follow-up by telephone.
  • Currently incarcerated.
  • Dementia.
  • Subjects with no way to be contacted by telephone for follow-up, including those who live outside of the U.S. or spend significant time outside of the U.S.
  • Patients with conditions such as cancer, mental illness, or other pathology which, in the opinion of the local investigator, might put the patient at risk, preclude follow-up or confound the results of the study.
  • Patients who refuse.
  • Female subjects with a positive quantitative or qualitative pregnancy test will not be enrolled.

Study Design

Study Type
Observational [Patient Registry]
Observational Model
Time Perspective

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Guideline Directed Medical Therapy Patients who have an initial treatment strategy of using guideline-directed medical therapy only.
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Patients who will have a Percutaneous Coronary Intervention as the initial treatment strategy along with guideline directed medical therapy.

More Details

Active, not recruiting
Saint Luke's Health System

Study Contact

Detailed Description

Objectives 1. Compare 30-day mortality and the composite of mortality and morbidity following high-risk percutaneous coronary revascularization with predicted Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) survival and morbidity in patients with severe multivessel or left main coronary artery disease (CAD).

2. Compare the 12-month health status and clinical outcomes of surgically ineligible multivessel or left main CAD patients treated with PCI compared to those treated with a medical therapy alone.

3. Understand the association between completeness of revascularization and long-term health status and clinical outcomes among patients with multivessel or left main CAD treated with PCI deemed ineligible for surgery.

4. Compare 6-month and 1-year survival among surgically ineligible high-risk PCI patients with predicted STS survival (ASCERT risk model)

5. Determine the justification for surgical ineligibility by cardiologists and cardiac surgeons among patients with severe multivessel or left main coronary artery disease (CAD).

6. Describe the frequency and predictors of PCI versus medical management among surgically ineligible patients with severe multivessel or left main CAD.

7. Describe the frequency and predictors of complete revascularization in this population.

8. Describe the costs and costs per quality adjusted life year (QALY) gained of the strategy of management of multivessel or left main CAD with PCI versus medical therapy among surgically ineligible patients.


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.