Pulmonary hypertension is high blood pressure in the arteries to the lungs. It is a serious condition. It causes the blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the lungs to become hard and narrow. When this happens, the heart has to work harder to pump the blood through. Some babies are born with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Doctors might use INOmax (a gas the baby breathes) to help newborn babies (neonates) with PH. This study will use information from the records of registered babies to see how effective and safe INOmax is for treating premature and other newborn babies for up to 11 days after they are born.



Eligible Ages
Between 27 Weeks and 40 Weeks
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Was either a P neonate born at least 27 weeks to less than 34 weeks of gestational age (GA) or a TNT neonate born at least 34 weeks but no more than 40 weeks of GA.
  2. Was administered INOmax therapy after birth to 7 days of age via any route (invasive or noninvasive ventilation) for a minimum treatment period of at least 24 hours up to 96 ± 12 hours. The participants may receive INOmax for a longer period.
  3. Had PH, as confirmed by echocardiogram or a differential saturation gradient of at least 10%.
  4. Received INOmax administration as part of routine clinical practice in a Level III or higher neonatal intensive care unit in the United States.
  5. Has all variables required to calculate OI or SOI (a baseline sample prior to treatment and 4 samples obtained during treatment).

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Was at risk of imminent death (death expected within 24 hours).
  2. Received extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).
  3. Had a life-threatening abnormality (cranial, cardiac, thoracic), chromosomal abnormality, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, congenital heart defect (other than patent ductus arteriosus or small atrial septal defect).
  4. Had been resuscitated requiring chest compressions within 6 hours of receiving INOmax.
  5. Had Grade IV bilateral intraventricular hemorrhage or periventricular leukomalacia.
  6. Had active uncontrolled bleeding.
  7. Had disseminated intravascular coagulopathy.
  8. Had active seizures while receiving anticonvulsants.
  9. Experienced prolonged asphyxia with evidence of severe acidosis (pH < 7.25).
  10. Received concomitant pulmonary vasodilator therapy (eg, prostacyclin or sildenafil) except when sildenafil was used to wean the participant from INOmax therapy.

Study Design

Study Type
Observational Model
Time Perspective

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
P Neonates Premature (P) neonates [at least 27 weeks but less than 34 weeks of gestational age]
  • Drug: INOmax
    Nitric oxide gas for inhalation provided via mechanical ventilation or non invasive ventilation
TNT Neonates Term-Near-Term (TNT) neonates at least 34 weeks of gestational age
  • Drug: INOmax
    Nitric oxide gas for inhalation provided via mechanical ventilation or non invasive ventilation

More Details


Study Contact


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.